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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reactions of Hypersilyl Potassium with Rare-Earth Metal Bis(Trimethylsilylamides): Addition versus Peripheral Deprotonation.

The scope of hypersilyl potassium, KHyp [Hyp = Si(SiMe(3))(3)], as a silylation or deprotonation agent for some rare-earth bis(trimethylsilyl)amides has been explored. Thus, the reaction with Yb{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2) affords the addition product [K][YbHyp{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)] (2) in high yield, which contains a three-coordinate ytterbium atom, therefore representing the first example of a lanthanide silyl with a coordination number lower than 6. In contrast, deprotonation on the periphery is observed with the tris(amides) Ln{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(3) (Ln = Y, Yb) and compounds of the type [K][CH(2)Si(Me)(2)N(SiMe(3))Ln{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)] (Ln = Y (3), Yb (4)) are isolated. Crystallization of 3 from a mixture of benzene and heptane afforded the bis(benzene) solvate [(C(6)H(6))(2)K][CH(2)Si(Me)(2)N(SiMe(3))Y{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)] (3a). The reaction between the strong bases (n)()BuLi/tetramethylenediamine (TMEDA) or (t)()BuLi with Y{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(3) or Yb{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(3) yielded the deprotonation product [(tmeda)Li][CH(2)Si(Me)(2)N(SiMe(3))Y{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)] (6) and the reduction product [LiYb{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(3)] (7), respectively. Instead of the expected bimetallic product, the reaction between YbI(2) and 2 equiv of 3 gave the neutral complex [Y{CH(2)Si(Me)(2)N(SiMe(3))}{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(thf)] (8) in good yield. The compounds have been characterized by melting point, elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography and for selected species by (1)H, (13)C, (29)Si, and (171)Yb NMR spectroscopy. For 3a and 4, the nature of the bonding between the carbanionic centers and the lanthanide and potassium cations was studied by density functional theory calculations.[1]


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