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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hormonal regulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding proteins secreted by isolated sheep thyroid epithelial cells: relationship with iodine organification.

Isolated sheep thyroid follicles release specific insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs). Since IGFBPs can modulate IGF bioactivity, at least in vitro, their presence in thyroid tissue may influence synergistic interactions between TSH and endogenous IGF-I or -II which are known to control both thyroid growth and function. We have examined the hormonal control of IGFBP release in relation to iodine organification. Sheep thyroid follicles were isolated by incubation with collagenase and differential centrifugation, grown in Coon's modified Ham's F12M medium with the addition of transferrin, glycylhistidyl-lysine, somatostatin (3H), TSH, cortisol and insulin (6H), and maintained in OH (hormone-free) or 3H medium with or without further supplements for 48 h. Conditioned culture medium was separated by 8% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, transferred to nitrocellulose and incubated with 125I-labelled IGF-II followed by autoradiography (ligand blot). Additionally, the radioactive bands were cut from the filters and quantified by gamma-spectrometry. Iodine organification was assessed by incubation of follicles with 10(6) c.p.m. Na125I for 3 h before washing, solubilization in 0.1 mol NaOH/l and the precipitation of organified radioisotope with 10% (v/v) trichloroacetic acid. Cells conditioned in OH or 3H medium released specific IGFBPs of 46, 34, 28 and 19 kDa on ligand blot analysis. The proteins of 34 and 19 kDa were immunopositive on Western blot analysis using anti-bovine IGFBP-2 antiserum. The 46-kDa IGFBP was retained by Concanavalin A-Sepharose chromatography and demonstrated to be glycoprotein. This is probably ovine IGFBP-3. The addition of TSH, or TSH plus cortisol to OH or 3H medium significantly decreased the 125I-labelled IGF-II associated with the 34- and 28-kDa IGFBP species. All IGFBP species were substantially reduced in 6H medium, which was predominantly due to the effects of TSH and cortisol. When total 125I-labelled IGF-II associated with IGFBPs was considered, a significant (P less than 0.01) inverse correlation existed between IGFBP activity and iodine organification in the same cultures; the latter being greatest in OH or 3H medium supplemented with TSH and cortisol. None of these hormone additions altered the endogenous release of IGF-II by the cells. These results suggest that endogenous IGFs, under hormonal control, may modulate the action of endogenous IGF in the regulation of thyroid function.[1]


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