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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and function of TbetaRII-B, a variant of the type II TGF-beta receptor, in human chondrocytes.

OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has profound effects on chondrocyte proliferation and matrix production, and dysregulation of TGF-beta action has been implicated in osteoarthritis. The mechanisms by which the diverse actions of TGF-beta are regulated in chondrocytes are unclear. Although it is well documented that TGF-beta signaling is transduced by types I and II receptors, other TGF-beta receptors may play critical roles by regulating signaling receptor activity. Our objective was to examine the expression of TbetaRII-B, a splice variant of the type II TGF-beta receptor, and to analyze its role in regulating TGF-beta signaling in human chondrocytes. METHODS: TbetaRII-B expression was examined in human cartilage tissue specimens, human chondrocyte cell lines C28/I2 and tsT/AC62, and human primary chondrocytes by Western blot and reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Ligand binding and heteromerization of TbetaRII-B with other TGF-beta receptors on the cell surface were analyzed by affinity labeling, immunoprecipitation, and two-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Regulation of TGF-beta responses by TbetaRII-B was determined by examining Smad2 phosphorylation, Smad3-specific signaling, transcriptional activity, and type II collagen levels. RESULTS: TbetaRII-B is expressed in normal and osteoarthritic human cartilage. Furthermore, it is a dynamic component of the TGF-beta receptor system in human chondrocytes, forming heteromeric complexes with the types I and II TGF-beta receptors, betaglycan and endoglin. Importantly, overexpression of TbetaRII-B leads to enhanced TGF-beta signaling and responses in chondrocytes. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that TbetaRII-B may play a key role in the regulation of TGF-beta action in human chondrocytes.[1]


  1. Expression and function of TbetaRII-B, a variant of the type II TGF-beta receptor, in human chondrocytes. Parker, W.L., Finnson, K.W., Soe-Lin, H., Knaus, P., Philip, A. Osteoarthr. Cartil. (2007) [Pubmed]
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