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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glutamine transaminase K and cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase activity stains.

An activity stain to detect glutamine transaminase K subjected to nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (ND-PAGE) was developed. The gel is incubated with a reaction mixture containing L-phenyl-alanine, alpha-keto-gamma-methiolbutyrate (alpha KMB), glutamate dehydrogenase, phenazine methosulfate (PMS) and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT). Glutamine transaminase K catalyzes a transamination reaction between phenylalanine and alpha KMB. The resultant methionine is a substrate of glutamate dehydrogenase. The NADH formed in the oxidative deamination of methionine reacts with PMS and NBT to form a blue band on the surface of the gel coincident with glutamine transaminase K activity. Cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase activity is detected in the gel by incubating the gel with a reaction mixture containing alpha KMB (to ensure maintenance of the enzyme in the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate form), S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC), PMS, and NBT. The products of the lyase reaction interact with PMS and NBT to form a blue dye coincident with the lyase activity. In addition, a new assay procedure for measuring cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase activity was devised. This procedure couples pyruvate formation from DCVC to the alanine dehydrogenase reaction. Preparations of purified rat kidney glutamine transaminase K yield a single protein band on ND-PAGE (apparent Mr approximately 95,000). This band coincides with both the cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase and glutamine transaminase K activities. Activity staining showed that homogenates of rat kidney, liver, skeletal muscle, and heart possess a glutamine transaminase K/cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase activity with an Rf value on ND-PAGE identical to that of purified rat kidney glutamine transaminase K.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Glutamine transaminase K and cysteine S-conjugate beta-lyase activity stains. Abraham, D.G., Cooper, A.J. Anal. Biochem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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