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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proton-pumping N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive inorganic pyrophosphate synthase from Rhodospirillum rubrum: purification, characterization, and reconstitution.

A new method has been developed for the isolation of the proton-pumping N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive PPi synthase (H(+)-PPi synthase) from chromatophores of Rhodospirillum rubrum. The H(+)-PPi synthase was purified by extraction of chromatophores with a mixture of nonanoyl-N-methylglucamide and cholate, by fractionation with poly(ethylene glycol) 4000, hydroxyapatite chromatography, and affinity chromatography. The purified enzyme is homogeneous and has a specific activity of 20.4 mumol of PPi hydrolyzed min-1 mg-1 at pH 7.5 and 20 degrees C. The hydrolytic activity of the enzyme was stimulated by addition of phospholipids and Triton X-100. Of the lipids tested, cardiolipin proved to have the maximal activating effect. Reconstitution of the H(+)-PPi synthase by the freeze-thaw technique yielded an uncoupler-stimulated and N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive PPi hydrolytic activity. The subunit composition of the purified H(+)-PPi synthase was investigated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. One band was obtained after silver staining with an apparent molecular weight of 56,000. The oligomeric structure of the H(+)-PPi synthase is discussed.[1]


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