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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Release of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the pig nasal mucosa by antidromic nerve stimulation and capsaicin.

The overflow of calcitonin gene-related peptide like-immunoreactivity (CGRP-LI) in the nasal venous effluent upon antidromic stimulation of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve with 6.9 Hz for 3 min or upon capsaicin (0.3 mumol bolus injection) were analysed in the nasal mucosa of sympathectomized pentobarbital anaesthetized pigs. The overflow of CGRP-LI upon antidromic stimulation displayed a slower appearance in the venous effluent than the overflow upon bolus injection of capsaicin. The vascular effects as revealed by the arterial blood flow, the venous blood flow, the blood volume of the nasal mucosa, i.e., the filling of the capacitance vessels and the superficial mucosal blood flow as revealed by the laser-Doppler signal were also studied. Antidromic stimulation of the trigeminal nerve as well as capsaicin bolus injection induced a marked vasodilation which was parallel to the overflow of CGRP. However, capsaicin bolus injection also resulted in a marked increase in the mean arterial blood pressure which may be due to reflex activation of sympathetic fibers. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that chemical stimulation with capsaicin as well as antidromic stimulation of nasal sensory nerves in sympathectomized animals induces both vasodilation and overflow of CGRP-LI in vivo. This indicates that CGRP may contribute to the sensory regulation of the microcirculation in the nasal mucosa.[1]


  1. Release of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the pig nasal mucosa by antidromic nerve stimulation and capsaicin. Stjärne, P., Lacroix, J.S., Anggård, A., Lundberg, J.M. Regul. Pept. (1991) [Pubmed]
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