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MeSH Review

Stimulation, Chemical

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  • We have studied the responses to electrical and chemical stimulation of the ventrolateral medulla in the chloralose-anesthetized, paralyzed, artificially ventilated rat [22].
  • Chemical stimulation of nonischemic ipsilateral cortex by potassium chloride application (KCl group; n = 7) and saline (NaCl group; n = 5) was performed at 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes following MCAO, and SD was detected electrophysiologically [23].
  • These results further corroborate some of the previous suggestions based on neurotoxic lesion, chemical stimulation and electrophysiological recordings [24].
  • Activity evoked by intracardiac injection of bradykinin was decreased by dorsal column stimulation in six of seven neurons that responded to chemical stimulation of afferents [25].
  • Salivary flow rates by mechanical stimulation with forced spitting method and by chemical stimulation with 10% citric acid were determined in 25 healthy adult subjects with a history of chronic tobacco-betel-lime "quid" chewing and in 25 healthy control adults with no history of chewing [26].

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  1. Noxious thermal and chemical stimulation induce increases in 3H-phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate binding in spinal cord dorsal horn as well as persistent pain and hyperalgesia, which is reduced by inhibition of protein kinase C. Yashpal, K., Pitcher, G.M., Parent, A., Quirion, R., Coderre, T.J. J. Neurosci. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. Enkephalin modulation of neural transmission in the cat stellate ganglion: pharmacological actions of exogenous opiates. Prosdocimi, M., Finesso, M., Gorio, A. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. The role of GABA in dyskinesias induced by chemical stimulation of the striatum. Standefer, M.J., Dill, R.E. Life Sci. (1977) [Pubmed]
  4. Inhibition of the dopamine system in rat amygdala attenuates the picrotoxin-induced locomoter hyperactivity and hypertension. Chang, C.K., Wang, N.L., Lin, M.T. Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Deficits in visceral pain and referred hyperalgesia in Nav1.8 (SNS/PN3)-null mice. Laird, J.M., Souslova, V., Wood, J.N., Cervero, F. J. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. Effects of chemical stimulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system upon locomotor activity. Pijnenburg, A.J., Honig, W.M., Van der Heyden, J.A., Van Rossum, J.M. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  7. Comparison of amino acids bathing the oxyntic gland area in the stimulation of gastric secretion. Konturek, S.J., Tasler, J., Obtulowicz, W., Cieszkowski, M. Gastroenterology (1976) [Pubmed]
  8. Analgesic triptan action in an animal model of intracranial pain: a race against the development of central sensitization. Burstein, R., Jakubowski, M. Ann. Neurol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Pore mutation in a G-protein-gated inwardly rectifying K+ channel subunit causes loss of K+-dependent inhibition in weaver hippocampus. Jarolimek, W., Bäurle, J., Misgeld, U. J. Neurosci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Possible role of protein kinase C in the sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Lin, Q., Peng, Y.B., Willis, W.D. J. Neurosci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  11. Medial preoptic area afferents to periaqueductal gray medullo-output neurons: a combined Fos and tract tracing study. Rizvi, T.A., Murphy, A.Z., Ennis, M., Behbehani, M.M., Shipley, M.T. J. Neurosci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. Nucleus tractus solitarius as mediator of evoked parabrachial cardiovascular responses in the decerebrate rabbit. Paton, J.F., Silva-Carvalho, L., Thompson, C.S., Spyer, K.M. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Modulation of cortical evoked potentials by stimulation of nucleus raphe magnus in rats. Follett, K.A., Gebhart, G.F. J. Neurophysiol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. Taste responses of neurons in the hamster solitary nucleus are modulated by the central nucleus of the amygdala. Li, C.S., Cho, Y.K., Smith, D.V. J. Neurophysiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Release of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the pig nasal mucosa by antidromic nerve stimulation and capsaicin. Stjärne, P., Lacroix, J.S., Anggård, A., Lundberg, J.M. Regul. Pept. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Interactions between vasopressin and baroreflex control of the sympathetic nervous system. Hasser, E.M., Bishop, V.S., Hay, M. Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Hemolysate inhibits cerebral artery relaxation. Toda, N. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1988) [Pubmed]
  18. Hippocampal dopamine receptors modulate the motor activation and the increase in dopamine levels in the rat nucleus accumbens evoked by chemical stimulation of the ventral hippocampus. Zornoza, T., Cano-Cebrián, M.J., Miquel, M., Aragón, C., Polache, A., Granero, L. Neuropsychopharmacology (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Modulation by the hypothalamus of glucagon and insulin secretion in rabbits: studies with electrical and chemical stimulations. Shimazu, T., Ishikawa, K. Endocrinology (1981) [Pubmed]
  20. Characterization of inhibition of spinal nociceptive reflex by stimulation of the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus in the pentobarbital-anesthetized rat. Wang, Q., Mao, L.M., Han, J.S. Pain (1990) [Pubmed]
  21. Modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission from nuclei tractus solitarii: a relay for effects of vagal afferent stimulation. Ren, K., Randich, A., Gebhart, G.F. J. Neurophysiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Tonic vasomotor control by the rostral ventrolateral medulla: effect of electrical or chemical stimulation of the area containing C1 adrenaline neurons on arterial pressure, heart rate, and plasma catecholamines and vasopressin. Ross, C.A., Ruggiero, D.A., Park, D.H., Joh, T.H., Sved, A.F., Fernandez-Pardal, J., Saavedra, J.M., Reis, D.J. J. Neurosci. (1984) [Pubmed]
  23. The role of spreading depression in focal ischemia evaluated by diffusion mapping. Takano, K., Latour, L.L., Formato, J.E., Carano, R.A., Helmer, K.G., Hasegawa, Y., Sotak, C.H., Fisher, M. Ann. Neurol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  24. Functional MRI shows activation of the medial preoptic area during sleep. Khubchandani, M., Jagannathan, N.R., Mallick, H.N., Mohan Kumar, V. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. A mechanism of cardiac pain suppression by spinal cord stimulation: implications for patients with angina pectoris. Chandler, M.J., Brennan, T.J., Garrison, D.W., Kim, K.S., Schwartz, P.J., Foreman, R.D. Eur. Heart J. (1993) [Pubmed]
  26. Effect of chronic tobacco-betel-lime "quid" chewing on human salivary secretions. Reddy, M.S., Naik, S.R., Bagga, O.P., Chuttani, H.K. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  27. A crucial role for the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in nicotinic cholinergic signaling to secretory protein transcription in pheochromocytoma cells. Tang, K., Wu, H., Mahata, S.K., O'Connor, D.T. Mol. Pharmacol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Deficits in visceral pain and hyperalgesia of mice with a disruption of the tachykinin NK1 receptor gene. Laird, J.M., Olivar, T., Roza, C., De Felipe, C., Hunt, S.P., Cervero, F. Neuroscience (2000) [Pubmed]
  29. Stimulus-evoked release of neuropeptides is enhanced in sensory neurons from mice with a heterozygous mutation of the Nf1 gene. Hingtgen, C.M., Roy, S.L., Clapp, D.W. Neuroscience (2006) [Pubmed]
  30. Morphine, 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists reduce c-fos expression in the trigeminal nuclear complex following noxious chemical stimulation of the rat nasal mucosa. Ebersberger, A., Anton, F., Tölle, T.R., Zieglgänsberger, W. Brain Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  31. Influence of polyelectrolyte multilayer films on the ICAM-1 expression of endothelial cells. Boura, C., Muller, S., Voegel, J.C., Schaaf, P., Stoltz, J.F., Menu, P. Cell Biochem. Biophys. (2006) [Pubmed]
  32. Vestibular and cerebellar modulation of expiratory motor activities in the cat. Huang, Q., Zhou, D., St John, W.M. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. Cardiovascular and respiratory chemoreflexes from the hindlimb sensory receptors evoked by intra-arterial injection of bradykinin and other chemical agents in the rabbit. Tallarida, G., Baldoni, F., Peruzzi, G., Brindisi, F., Raimondi, G., Sangiorgi, M. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1979) [Pubmed]
  34. Stimulation of H fields of Forel decreases total lung resistance in dogs. McCallister, L.W., Connelly, J.C., Kaufman, M.P. J. Appl. Physiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  35. Real-time measurement of stimulated 5-hydroxytryptamine release in rat substantia nigra pars reticulata brain slices. Iravani, M.M., Kruk, Z.L. Synapse (1997) [Pubmed]
  36. Comparison between intracytoplasmic sperm injection and in vitro fertilisation employing oocytes derived from prepubertal goats. Jiménez-Macedo, A.R., Izquierdo, D., Anguita, B., Paramio, M.T. Theriogenology (2005) [Pubmed]
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