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MeSH Review

Blood Volume

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Disease relevance of Blood Volume


Psychiatry related information on Blood Volume


High impact information on Blood Volume

  • Although atrial stretch releases ANP from cardiac myocytes, the experiments indicate that the response to acute blood volume expansion is markedly reduced after elimination of neural control [10].
  • The atrionatriuretic peptide (ANP) is released from atrial cells in response to increased extracellular fluid volume and reduces sodium absorption by the kidney, thus reducing the blood volume [11].
  • There was no significant difference between the two groups as regards age, preoperative BP level, plasma renin activity, blood volume, or response to [Sar1, Thr8] A II [12].
  • Control of blood volume and serum uric acid, appropriate spacing of radiographic studies, and possibly urinary alkalinization and hypouricosuric drugs in high-risk patients are recommended to decrease the incidence and morbidity of contrast-mediated nephropathy [13].
  • The current concept of the control system is that at normal blood volume and pressure, afferent impulses from the receptors tonically inhibit central mechanisms controlling secretion of AVP and renin [14].

Chemical compound and disease context of Blood Volume


Biological context of Blood Volume


Anatomical context of Blood Volume


Associations of Blood Volume with chemical compounds

  • In parallel studies, blood volume contraction and increases in Posm were evoked by intraperitoneal polyethylene glycol dissolved in hypertonic saline and results compared with animals receiving intraperitoneal saline alone [29].
  • Central blood volume, plasma norepinephrine, and atrial natriuretic factor levels were measured during each diet [30].
  • Regional blood volume was measured by means of tracer amounts of carbon-11-labelled carbon monoxide [31].
  • In all the infants cerebral blood flow, oxygen delivery, blood volume, and the reactivity of blood volume to changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension fell sharply after indomethacin [32].
  • When the acid exposure was performed simultaneously with an arterial bleeding of 0.6 ml/100 g body wt (10% of the total blood volume), the increase in duodenal HCO3- secretion was totally abolished [33].

Gene context of Blood Volume

  • The results indicate that oxytocin receptors mediate the action of oxytocin to release ANP, which slows the heart and reduces its force of contraction to produce a rapid reduction in circulating blood volume [34].
  • CONCLUSION: Plasma mAM reflects cardiac dysfunction, excessive blood volume, and inflammation better than ANP, BNP, and NE, resulting in a predictor of mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in hemodialysis patients with cardiovascular disease [35].
  • Adrenomedullin reflects cardiac dysfunction, excessive blood volume, and inflammation in hemodialysis patients [35].
  • Hepatic venous endothelin-3 correlated significantly with central and arterial blood volume (r = 0.56, p < 0.02) [36].
  • Doppler-echocardiographic and physiological studies in these mice demonstrate for the first time the tremendous impact of ANP/GC-A dysfunction on chronic blood volume homeostasis [37].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Blood Volume


  1. Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on plasma-renin activity and intractable hypertension in patients receiving regular dialysis treatment. Moore, S.B., Goodwin, F.J. Lancet (1976) [Pubmed]
  2. Renal insensitivity to atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Effect of increasing systemic arterial pressure. Ginès, P., Titó, L., Arroyo, V., Llach, J., Salmerón, J.M., Ginès, A., Jiménez, W., Badalamenti, S., Rivera, F., Rodés, J. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. Hyperventilation alters colonic motor and sensory function: effects and mechanisms in humans. Bharucha, A.E., Camilleri, M., Ford, M.J., O'Connor, M.K., Hanson, R.B., Thomforde, G.M. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Role of vasopressin in abnormal water excretion in cirrhotic patients. Bichet, D., Szatalowicz, V., Chaimovitz, C., Schrier, R.W. Ann. Intern. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
  5. Carotid-aortic and renal baroreceptors mediate the atrial natriuretic peptide release induced by blood volume expansion. Antunes-Rodrigues, J., Machado, B.H., Andrade, H.A., Mauad, H., Ramalho, M.J., Reis, L.C., Silva-Netto, C.R., Favaretto, A.L., Gutkowska, J., McCann, S.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. Water intake induced by water deprivation in the quail, Coturnix coturnix japonica. Takei, Y., Okawara, Y., Kobayashi, H. J. Comp. Physiol. B, Biochem. Syst. Environ. Physiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  7. Insulin resistance syndrome and autonomically mediated physiological responses to experimentally induced mental stress in adolescent boys. Keltikangas-Jarvinen, L., Ravaja, N., Raikkonen, K., Lyytinen, H. Metab. Clin. Exp. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of smoking cessation on pulmonary carbon monoxide diffusing capacity and capillary blood volume. Sansores, R.H., Pare, P., Abboud, R.T. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. The study of panic disorder using positron emission tomography. Reiman, E.M. Psychiatric developments. (1987) [Pubmed]
  10. Atrial natriuretic peptide in brain and pituitary gland. Gutkowska, J., Antunes-Rodrigues, J., McCann, S.M. Physiol. Rev. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Atrionatriuretic peptide transforms cardiac sodium channels into calcium-conducting channels. Sorbera, L.A., Morad, M. Science (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Predictive value of angiotensin II antagonists in renovascular hypertension. Fouad, F.M., Gifford, R.W., Fighali, S., Mujais, S.K., Novick, A.C., Bravo, E.L., Tarazi, R.C. JAMA (1983) [Pubmed]
  13. Acute renal failure. Association with administration of radiographic contrast material. Krumlovsky, F.A., Simon, N., Santhanam, S., del Greco, F., Roxe, D., Pomaranc, M.M. JAMA (1978) [Pubmed]
  14. Baroreceptor regulation of vasopressin and renin secretion: low-pressure versus high-pressure receptors. Thrasher, T.N. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Reversibility of hepatorenal syndrome by prolonged administration of ornipressin and plasma volume expansion. Guevara, M., Ginès, P., Fernández-Esparrach, G., Sort, P., Salmerón, J.M., Jiménez, W., Arroyo, V., Rodés, J. Hepatology (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Detection of early antiangiogenic effects in human colon adenocarcinoma xenografts: in vivo changes of tumor blood volume in response to experimental VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Kim, Y.R., Yudina, A., Figueiredo, J., Reichardt, W., Hu-Lowe, D., Petrovsky, A., Kang, H.W., Torres, D., Mahmood, U., Weissleder, R., Bogdanov, A.A. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Plasma renin activity and blood volume in uncontrolled diabetes. Ketoacidosis, a state of secondary aldosteronism. Christlieb, A.R., Assal, J.P., Katsilambros, N., Williams, G.H., Kozak, G.P., Suzuki, T. Diabetes (1975) [Pubmed]
  18. Aldosterone related blood volume expansion in cirrhosis before and during the early phase of ascites formation. Bernardi, M., Trevisani, F., Santini, C., De Palma, R., Gasbarrini, G. Gut (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Blood volume following diuresis induced by furosemide. Schuster, C.J., Weil, M.H., Besso, J., Carpio, M., Henning, R.J. Am. J. Med. (1984) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of volume expansion on systemic hemodynamics and central and arterial blood volume in cirrhosis. Møller, S., Bendtsen, F., Henriksen, J.H. Gastroenterology (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Autoregulation of cardiac output by passive elastic characteristics of the vascular capacitance system. Rothe, C.F., Gaddis, M.L. Circulation (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Modulation of vascular capacitance by angiotensin and nitroprusside: a mechanism of changes in pericardial pressure. Smiseth, O.A., Manyari, D.E., Lima, J.A., Scott-Douglas, N.W., Kingma, I., Smith, E.R., Tyberg, J.V. Circulation (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. Cerebral versus systemic hemodynamics during graded orthostatic stress in humans. Levine, B.D., Giller, C.A., Lane, L.D., Buckey, J.C., Blomqvist, C.G. Circulation (1994) [Pubmed]
  24. Lesions of the hypothalamus and pituitary inhibit volume-expansion-induced release of atrial natriuretic peptide. Antunes-Rodrigues, J., Ramalho, M.J., Reis, L.C., Menani, J.V., Turrin, M.Q., Gutkowska, J., McCann, S.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1991) [Pubmed]
  25. Distribution of blood monocytes between a marginating and a circulating pool. van Furth, R., Sluiter, W. J. Exp. Med. (1986) [Pubmed]
  26. Fluid restitution and blood volume redistribution in anesthetized rabbits in response to vasoactive drugs. Anderson, S.M., Rich, G.F., Roos, C., Lee, L.P., Lee, J.S. Circulation (1994) [Pubmed]
  27. Oxytocin mediates atrial natriuretic peptide release and natriuresis after volume expansion in the rat. Haanwinckel, M.A., Elias, L.K., Favaretto, A.L., Gutkowska, J., McCann, S.M., Antunes-Rodrigues, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
  28. Effects of barium-induced cardiac contraction on large- and small-vessel intramyocardial blood volume. Judd, R.M., Levy, B.I. Circ. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  29. Role of volume in the regulation of vasopressin secretion during pregnancy in the rat. Barron, W.M., Stamoutsos, B.A., Lindheimer, M.D. J. Clin. Invest. (1984) [Pubmed]
  30. Pattern of sodium handling and its consequences in patients with preascitic cirrhosis. Wong, F., Liu, P., Allidina, Y., Blendis, L. Gastroenterology (1995) [Pubmed]
  31. Positron emission tomography for in-vivo measurement of regional blood flow, oxygen utilisation, and blood volume in patients with breast carcinoma. Beaney, R.P., Lammertsma, A.A., Jones, T., McKenzie, C.G., Halnan, K.E. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  32. Effects of indomethacin on cerebral haemodynamics in very preterm infants. Edwards, A.D., Wyatt, J.S., Richardson, C., Potter, A., Cope, M., Delpy, D.T., Reynolds, E.O. Lancet (1990) [Pubmed]
  33. Splanchnic nerve activation inhibits the increase in duodenal HCO3- secretion induced by luminal acidification in the rat. Jönson, C., Tunbäck-Hanson, P., Fändriks, L. Gastroenterology (1989) [Pubmed]
  34. Oxytocin releases atrial natriuretic peptide by combining with oxytocin receptors in the heart. Gutkowska, J., Jankowski, M., Lambert, C., Mukaddam-Daher, S., Zingg, H.H., McCann, S.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  35. Adrenomedullin reflects cardiac dysfunction, excessive blood volume, and inflammation in hemodialysis patients. Yoshihara, F., Horio, T., Nakamura, S., Yoshii, M., Ogata, C., Nakahama, H., Inenaga, T., Kangawa, K., Kawano, Y. Kidney Int. (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Endothelin-1 and endothelin-3 in cirrhosis: relations to systemic and splanchnic haemodynamics. Møller, S., Gülberg, V., Henriksen, J.H., Gerbes, A.L. J. Hepatol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. Hypervolemic hypertension in mice with systemic inactivation of the (floxed) guanylyl cyclase-A gene by alphaMHC-Cre-mediated recombination. Skryabin, B.V., Holtwick, R., Fabritz, L., Kruse, M.N., Veltrup, I., Stypmann, J., Kirchhof, P., Sabrane, K., Bubikat, A., Voss, M., Kuhn, M. Genesis (2004) [Pubmed]
  38. Quantification of myocardial perfusion with myocardial contrast echocardiography during left atrial injection of contrast. Implications for venous injection. Skyba, D.M., Jayaweera, A.R., Goodman, N.C., Ismail, S., Camarano, G., Kaul, S. Circulation (1994) [Pubmed]
  39. Anterior pituitary gland modulates the release of atrial natriuretic peptides from cardiac atria. Zamir, N., Haass, M., Dave, J.R., Zukowska-Grojec, Z. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1987) [Pubmed]
  40. Assessment of pharmacodynamic vascular response in a phase I trial of combretastatin A4 phosphate. Anderson, H.L., Yap, J.T., Miller, M.P., Robbins, A., Jones, T., Price, P.M. J. Clin. Oncol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  41. Humoral and cardiac effects of TIPS in cirrhotic patients with different "effective" blood volume. Salerno, F., Cazzaniga, M., Pagnozzi, G., Cirello, I., Nicolini, A., Meregaglia, D., Burdick, L. Hepatology (2003) [Pubmed]
  42. Sensitive noninvasive monitoring of tumor perfusion during antiangiogenic therapy by intermittent bolus-contrast power Doppler sonography. Krix, M., Kiessling, F., Vosseler, S., Farhan, N., Mueller, M.M., Bohlen, P., Fusenig, N.E., Delorme, S. Cancer Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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