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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and characterization of ilvA, ilvBN, and ilvD mutants of Caulobacter crescentus.

Caulobacter crescentus strains requiring isoleucine and valine (ilv) for growth were shown by transduction and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to contain mutations at one of two unlinked loci, ilvB and ilvD. Other C. crescentus strains containing mutations at a third locus, ilvA, required either isoleucine or methionine for growth. Biochemical assays for threonine deaminase, acetohydroxyacid synthase, and dihydroxyacid dehydratase demonstrated that the ilvA locus encodes threonine deaminase, the ilvB locus encodes acetohydroxyacid synthase, and the ilvD locus encodes dihydroxyacid dehydratase. C. crescentus strains resistant to the herbicide sulfometuron methyl, which is known to inhibit the action of certain acetohydroxyacid synthases in a variety of bacteria and plants, were shown to contain mutations at the ilvB locus, further suggesting that an acetohydroxyacid synthase gene resides at this locus. Two recombinant plasmids isolated in our laboratory, pPLG389 and pJCT200, were capable of complementing strains containing the ilvB and ilvD mutations, respectively. The DNA in these plasmids hybridized to the corresponding genes of Escherichia coli and Serratia marcescens, confirming the presence of ilvB-like and ilvD-like DNA sequences at the ilvB and ilvD loci, respectively. However, no hybridization was observed between any of the other enteric ilv genes and C. crescentus DNA. These results suggest that C. crescentus contains an isoleucine-valine biosynthetic pathway which is similar to the corresponding pathway in enteric bacteria but that only the ilvB and ilvD genes contain sequences which are highly conserved at the DNA level.[1]


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