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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant systems in the liver injury produced by glutathione depleting agents.

The mechanisms of the liver damage produced by three glutathione (GSH) depleting agents, bromobenzene, allyl alcohol and diethylmaleate, was investigated. The change in the antioxidant systems represented by alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and ascorbic acid were studied under conditions of severe GSH depletion. With each toxin liver necrosis was accompanied by lipid peroxidation that developed only after severe depletion of GSH. The hepatic level of vitamin E was decreased whenever extensive lipid peroxidation developed. In the case of bromobenzene intoxication, vitamin E decreased before the onset of lipid peroxidation. Changes in levels of the ascorbic and dehydroascorbic acid indicated a redox cycling of vitamin C with the oxidative stress induced by all the three agents. Such a change of the redox state of vitamin C (increase of the oxidized over the reduced form) may be an index of oxidative stress preceding lipid peroxidation in the case of bromobenzene. In the other cases, such a change is likely to be a consequence of lipid peroxidation. Experiments carried out with vitamin E deficient or supplemented diets indicated that the pathological phenomena occurring as a consequence of GSH depletion depend on hepatic levels of vitamin E. In vitamin E deficient animals, lipid peroxidation and liver necrosis appeared earlier than in animals fed the control diet. Animals fed a vitamin E supplemented diet had an hepatic vitamin E level double that obtained with a commercial pellet diet. In such animals, bromobenzene and allyl alcohol had only limited toxicity and diethylmaleate none in spite of comparable hepatic GSH depletion. Thus, vitamin E may largely modulate the expression of the toxicity by GSH depleting agents.[1]


  1. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant systems in the liver injury produced by glutathione depleting agents. Maellaro, E., Casini, A.F., Del Bello, B., Comporti, M. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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