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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Immortalization of murine connective tissue-type mast cells at multiple stages of their differentiation by coculture of splenocytes with fibroblasts that produce Kirsten sarcoma virus.

Mature connective tissue mast cells (CTMC) have not been previously available as a cell line from any species. Here we describe 15 novel mast cell lines (KiSV-MC) that were derived by coculturing murine splenocytes with fibroblasts that produce a Ki-ras-containing murine sarcoma virus. Some of the KiSV-MC lines are similar to CTMC in that they synthesize predominantly heparin proteoglycans, and contain up to 35 micrograms of histamine and 2.2 units of carboxypeptidase A/10(6) cells in secretory granules which stain red with Safranin. Other cell lines display phenotypic characteristics intermediate to CTMC and mucosal-like mast cells in being predominantly Safranin-, having lower amounts of histamine and carboxypeptidase A, and in synthesizing chondroitin sulfate E proteoglycans in preference to heparin proteoglycans. When the individual KiSV-MC lines were compared, a linear relationship was found between the number of Safranin+ granules, the cellular contents of histamine and carboxypeptidase A, and the biosynthesis of heparin relative to chondroitin sulfate E proteoglycans. Upon sensitization with monoclonal IgE and exposure to hapten-specific antigen, the cells exocytose the contents of their secretory granules. Thus, these immortalized cells provide the first source of CTMC-like lines for chemical and functional analysis and illustrate that murine mast cells can express a continuum of phenotypes.[1]

References

  1. Immortalization of murine connective tissue-type mast cells at multiple stages of their differentiation by coculture of splenocytes with fibroblasts that produce Kirsten sarcoma virus. Reynolds, D.S., Serafin, W.E., Faller, D.V., Wall, D.A., Abbas, A.K., Dvorak, A.M., Austen, K.F., Stevens, R.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1988) [Pubmed]
 
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