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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane currents elicited by prostaglandins, atrial natriuretic factor and oxytocin in follicle-enclosed Xenopus oocytes.

1. Membrane currents were recorded from voltage clamped Xenopus laevis oocytes, still surrounded by follicular cells, theca and enveloping inner ovarian epithelia (ovarian follicles). 2. Superfusing follicles with frog Ringer solution containing E-series prostaglandins (PGE1 or PGE2) or oxytocin (0.5-2 microM) generated slow membrane currents arising from an increase in membrane conductance to K+. 3. Follicles taken from different frogs varied greatly in responsiveness to PGE and oxytocin. For example, enclosed oocytes with good sensitivity to prostaglandins responded to 1 nM-PGE, whereas follicles from some frogs failed to respond at 5 microM. 4. Oocytes with good responsiveness to PGE also produced K+ currents to PGA1, PGA2, PGB1, 11-deoxy-PGE1 and 11-beta-PGE2, whereas PGF2 alpha, PGI2, PGD2 and 8-iso-PGE1 generally failed to elicit membrane currents. 5. Responses to PGE and oxytocin were mimicked by the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin or by intraoocyte pressure injection of cyclic nucleotides. Responses were potentiated by the phosphodiesterase inhibitors theophylline and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). In IBMX (0.5 mM), human atrial natriuretic factor ( ANF) (10-60 nM) elicited a similar K+ conductance. This all implied that cyclic nucleotides played a role in the receptor-channel coupling mechanism of these responses. 6. Defolliculating oocytes effectively abolished responses to prostaglandins, oxytocin and ANF, suggesting that the currents arise in follicular cells. 7. The responses of PGE, oxytocin and ANF thus resembled currents elicited by catecholamines, adenosine, gonadotrophins and vasoactive intestinal peptide ( VIP). However, PGE, oxytocin and ANF responses were not blocked by catecholaminergic or purinergic antagonists. Moreover, when comparing follicles isolated from different frogs, the sensitivity to PGE and oxytocin varied independently of that to gonadotrophin or VIP. These experiments suggest that Xenopus ovarian follicles contain specific and distinct receptors for PGE, oxytocin and ANF. 8. Acetylcholine attenuated the cyclic nucleotide-mediated K+ responses, including currents elicited by PGE, oxytocin and ANF. Attenuation was not dependent on, or mimicked by, activation of the inositol phosphate-diacylglycerol messenger pathways located in the oocyte itself, nor was it appreciably blocked by loading follicle-enclosed oocytes with 0.1-1.5 mM-EGTA.[1]


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