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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of anions in parathyroid hormone release from dispersed bovine parathyroid cells.

It is known that permeant anions are required for the release of epinephrine from isolated chromaffin granules and of serotonin from intact platelets. We have now investigated the role of anions in the release of a polypeptide hormone, parathyroid hormone, from dispersed bovine parathyroid cells. The release is inhibited 60%-80% by decreasing either [Cl-] or [OH-] and 60%-70% by replacement of NaCl with the impermeant anion isethionate. By contrast, substitution of various monovalent cations in the medium had no effect on the release. Disodium 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (SITS) and probenecid, which are known to block anion transport in the erythrocyte, also cause a dose-dependent 90%-100% inhibition of release. Moreover, kinetic analysis of inhibition by probenecid suggests that it is competitive with respect to either OH- or Cl-. These results suggest that anions and the anion transport system may play a role in exocytosis of a polypeptide hormone. The proton ionophore carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone was was also found to block hormone release, and the possibility is discussed of a "chemosmotic" mechanism for exocytosis in this system similar to that previously postulated for chromaffin granules and platelets.[1]


  1. Role of anions in parathyroid hormone release from dispersed bovine parathyroid cells. Brown, E.M., Pazoles, C.J., Creutz, C.E., Aurbach, G.D., Pollard, H.B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1978) [Pubmed]
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