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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thromboxane A2 activates phospholipase C in astrocytoma cells via pertussis toxin-insensitive G-protein.

The properties of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptors were examined in 1321N1 human astrocytoma cells. 9,11-Epithio-11,12-methanothromboxane A2 (STA2), a stable analogue of TXA2, stimulated the accumulation of inositol phosphates (IPs) with an EC50 of about 50 nM. The STA2-induced accumulation of IPs was inhibited concentration dependently by ONO3708, a TXA2 receptor antagonist, with an inhibition constant (Ki) of about 10 nM. Inositol trisphosphate (IP3) was accumulated more rapidly than inositol bisphosphate ( IP2) in response to STA2. HPLC analysis indicated that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate accumulated in the presence of STA2. STA2 alone had no effect on the accumulation of IPs in membrane preparations but it potentiated the accumulation induced by GTP gamma S. [3H]SQ29548, a TXA2 receptor antagonist, bound specifically to TXA2 receptors, expressing a single binding site with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 10.9 nM. The competition curve for STA2 inhibition of [3H]SQ29548 binding was shifted to the right and was steeper in the presence of GTP gamma S. Pertussis toxin ( IAP) elicited ADP-ribosylation of 41KD protein but had no effect on the sensitivity to GTP of the STA2 inhibition of SQ29548 binding or of STA2-induced accumulation of IPs. It is concluded from these results that the stimulation of TXA2 receptors results in activation of phospholipase C via a GTP binding protein and that the protein is not a substrate for IAP.[1]


  1. Thromboxane A2 activates phospholipase C in astrocytoma cells via pertussis toxin-insensitive G-protein. Nakahata, N., Matsuoka, I., Ono, T., Nakanishi, H. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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