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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HOP1: a yeast meiotic pairing gene.

The recessive mutation, hop1-1, was isolated by use of a screen designed to detect mutations defective in homologous chromosomal pairing during meiosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutants in HOP1 displayed decreased levels of meiotic crossing over and intragenic recombination between markers on homologous chromosomes. In contrast, assays of the hop1-1 mutation in a spo13-1 haploid disomic for chromosome III demonstrated that intrachromosomal recombination between directly duplicated sequences was unaffected. The spores produced by SPO13 diploids homozygous for hop1 were largely inviable, as expected for a defect in interhomolog recombination that results in high levels of nondisjunction. HOP1 was cloned by complementation of the spore lethality phenotype and the cloned gene was used to map HOP1 to the LYS11-HIS6 interval on the left arm of chromosome IX. Electron microscopy revealed that diploids homozygous for hop1 fail to form synaptonemal complex, which normally provides the structural basis for homolog pairing. We propose that HOP1 acts in meiosis primarily to promote chromosomal pairing, perhaps by encoding a component of the synaptonemal complex.[1]


  1. HOP1: a yeast meiotic pairing gene. Hollingsworth, N.M., Byers, B. Genetics (1989) [Pubmed]
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