The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cholesterogenesis and cell division in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human lymphocytes: a comparative study with several inhibitors.

It has been shown that when lymphocytes are stimulated by phytohemagglutinin the expected stimulation of DNA synthesis is preceded by stimulation of cholesterol synthesis. This confirms the existence of a relation between cell division and cholesterol synthesis. We studied the effect on cell division of six inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis, previously shown to interfere with different steps of the process: 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, 25-hydroxycholesterol, lanost-7-en-3 beta, 32-diol, mevinolin, propiconazole, dodecylimidazole. Since experiments were performed in the presence of a high percentage of human serum, which provided cells with exogenous cholesterol via the LDL-receptor pathway, our investigation was focused on the role of newly synthesized cholesterol. The biosynthesis was evaluated by labeling cells with [14C]sodium acetate; to take into account variations of cell permeability to sodium acetate, the results were expressed as the percentage of total cellularly incorporated radioactivity transformed into cholesterol, after separation from all other labeled metabolites. These data were compared with the percentage of transformation into nonsaponifiable lipids, which varied in parallel with HMG-CoA reductase activity, as confirmed by direct enzymatic measurement. Cell division was assessed by simultaneous measurements of three parameters: thymidine incorporation into DNA, cell proliferation and cellular protein content. All the effectors strongly inhibited the conversion of labeled acetate into cholesterol, but cell division was not inhibited by two of them: propiconazole and 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol. These compounds only slightly inhibited the synthesis of nonsaponifiable lipids, which mainly consisted of methylsterols resulting from a blockage of lanosterol demethylation. Thus, it can be concluded that the nonsaponifiable metabolite essential for cell growth is not newly synthesized cholesterol. It was also found that inhibitors affected cell division only when they were added to the culture medium before the decline of cholesterol synthesis stimulation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities