The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic evidence for human liver and stomach aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 representing an unique class of isozymes.

Substrate and coenzyme specificities of human liver and stomach aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) isozymes were compared by staining with various aldehydes including propionaldehyde, heptaldehyde, decaldehyde, 2-furaldehyde, succinic semialdehyde, and glutamic gamma-semialdehyde and with NAD+ or NADP+ on agarose isoelectric focusing gels. ALDH3 isozyme was isolated from a liver via carboxymethyl-Sephadex and blue Sepharose chromatographies and its kinetic constants for various substrates and coenzymes were determined. Consistent with the previously proposed genetic model for human ALDH3 isozymes (Yin et al., Biochem. Genet. 26:343, 1988), a single liver form and multiple stomach forms exhibited similar kinetic properties, which were strikingly distinct from those of ALDH1, ALDH2, and ALDH4 (glutamic gamma-semialdehyde dehydrogenase). A set of activity assays using various substrates, coenzymes, and an inhibitor to distinguish ALDH1, ALDH2, ALDH3, and ALDH4 is presented. As previously reported in ALDH1 and ALDH2, a higher catalytic efficiency (Vmax/Km) for oxidation of long-chain aliphatic aldehydes was found in ALDH3, suggesting that these enzymes have a hydrophobic barrel-shape substrate binding pocket. Since the Km value for acetaldehyde for liver ALDH3, 83 mM, is very much higher than those of ALDH1 and ALDH2, ALDH3 thus represents an unique class of human ALDH isozymes and it appears not to be involved in ethanol metabolism.[1]


  1. Kinetic evidence for human liver and stomach aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 representing an unique class of isozymes. Yin, S.J., Liao, C.S., Wang, S.L., Chen, Y.J., Wu, C.W. Biochem. Genet. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities