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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for coordinate, selective regulation of eicosanoid synthesis in platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated 3T3 fibroblasts and in HL-60 cells induced to differentiate into macrophages or neutrophils.

We used Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor and HL-60 cells induced to differentiate into macrophages or neutrophils to study the regulation of prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis. Addition of platelet-derived growth factor to quiescent 3T3 fibroblasts led within 4 h to a dramatic and preferential increase in prostacyclin synthesis from endoperoxide prostaglandin H2, and microsomal assays showed a strong platelet-derived growth factor-dependent increase in the maximal velocities (Vmax) of both prostaglandin H synthase and prostacyclin synthase. In contrast, addition of phorbol ester to HL-60 cells to induce differentiation into macrophages led within 4 h to a strong and preferential increase in thromboxane synthesis from prostaglandin H2, and microsomal assays disclosed a major rise in Vmax for both prostaglandin H synthase and thromboxane synthase. No comparable changes occurred in HL-60 cells that were differentiating into neutrophils, though upregulation of 5-lipoxygenase pathway enzymes occurred in both differentiation systems. Actinomycin D and cycloheximide prevented the appearance of all of these enzymes of eicosanoid synthesis in all three model systems. Thus, the distinctive patterns of eicosanoid synthesis that are seen in replicating fibroblasts and in differentiating macrophages and neutrophils appear to depend on a coordinate, selective upregulation of several enzymes of eicosanoid biosynthesis that is specific for each cell system.[1]


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