The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influences of different polychlorinated biphenyls on cytocidal, mitoinhibitory, and nodule-selecting activities of N-2-fluorenylacetamide in rat liver.

The influences of different polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) isomers and congeners on distinct hepatotoxic responses to the hepatocarcinogen N-2-fluorenylacetamide [(2-FAA) CAS: 53-96-3] were examined in F344 rats. Cytocidal toxicity of 2-FAA (25-400 microM), determined by lactate dehydrogenase release during 20 hours in primary monolayer cultures of isolated rat hepatocytes, was reduced by in vivo pretreatment with either phenobarbitone [(PB) CAS: 50-06-6] or 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCBP), a PB-type PCB inducer. However, cytocidal toxicity of 2-FAA was substantially potentiated by either 3-methylcholanthrene [(MCA) CAS: 56-49-5] or 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl [( TCBP) CAS: 32598-13-3], an MCA-type PCB. In the same cell culture assays, all four pretreatments similarly reduced cytocidal toxicity of N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylacetamide (0.32-32 microM; CAS: 53-95-2). By comparison, pretreatments with either the PB-type or MCA-type PCB's (50-200 mumol/kg) diminished mitoinhibitory toxicity of 2-FAA in vivo, as measured by hepatic regenerative growth and hepatocyte labeling indices 7 days after partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats given 3 consecutive daily doses of 2-FAA (20/mg/kg/day) before PH. This regimen of 2-FAA and PH promoted rapid selective growth of gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-positive (gamma-GT+) nodules at 2 and 4 weeks after PH in rats previously given an initiating hepatocarcinogen, diethylnitrosamine [(DENA) CAS: 55-18-5]. However, various PCB's, including 2,2',4,4',5,5'-HCBP, 3,3',4,4'-TCBP, 2,2',4,4'-TCBP, 2,2',5,5'-TCBP, and the commercial mixture Aroclor 1254, each given as a single dose of 50 mumol/kg by gavage 10 days after DENA and 7 days before 2-FAA, all reduced the size of 2-FAA-selected gamma-GT+ nodules during the 4-week period after PH. These results indicate that, in spite of predictable inducer-specific opposite influences of different types of PCB's on cytocidal toxicity of 2-FAA, all PCB's similarly reduce nodule selection by 2-FAA in initiated livers. Reduced growth of 2-FAA-selected nodules correlated with the consistent ability of all PCB's to enhance regeneration of liver mass after 2-FAA and PH.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities