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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of organic acids on the synthesis of citrulline by intact rat liver mitochondria.

Citrulline synthesis, mostly regulated at the carbamoyl-phosphate synthase I (EC step by the intramitochondrial concentration of ATP and/or N-acetylglutamate is tested with four organic acids: propionate, alpha-ketobutyrate, dipropyl-acetate and 4-pentenoate. In the presence of 10 mM succinate, as the oxidizable substrate, citrullinogenesis was only inhibited by propionate and 4-pentenoate. With 10 mM L-glutamate, a significant inhibition was observed with the four acids. After the addition of ATP and N-acetylglutamate to uncoupled mitochondria, no inhibition could be demonstrated with dipropylacetate and 4-pentenoate. However, a slight inhibition remained with propionate and alpha-ketobutyrate. When mitochondria were incubated with 10 mM L-glutamate, ATP decreased with propionate, dipropylacetate and 4-pentenoate. Under the same conditions, N-acetylglutamate synthesis was strongly inhibited by each organic acid. The decrease of N-acetylglutamate synthesis was related to the constant diminution of intramitochondrial acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) and to the increase of propionyl-CoA with propionate and alpha-ketobutyrate. Acetyl-CoA and propionyl-CoA are respectively substrate and competitive inhibitor of the N-acetylglutamate synthase (EC Each acid displayed its optimum inhibition at concentrations between 1 and 2 mM. At these acid concentrations, mitochondria had the lowest acetyl-CoA content and the highest propionyl-CoA content.[1]


  1. Effects of organic acids on the synthesis of citrulline by intact rat liver mitochondria. Rabier, D., Briand, P., Petit, F., Kamoun, P., Cathelineau, L. Biochimie (1986) [Pubmed]
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