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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A differentiation between peripheral and central neurokinin receptors using phenoxybenzamine.

Concentrations of phenoxybenzamine ranging from 0.33-33 micron produced a competitive block of kassinin-, neurokinin A- and neurokinin B-induced contractions of the guinea-pig ileum with pA2 values of 6.6, 5.6 and 6.2, respectively. Physalaemin- and substance P-induced contractions were insensitive to phenoxybenzamine treatment. Differences in sensitivity to phenoxybenzamine and pA2 values suggest the existence of at least two and possibly three neurokinin receptors in the guinea-pig ileum. Injected intrathecally to mice, phenoxybenzamine blocked neurokinin-induced, but not bombesin- or somatostatin-induced, reciprocal hind limb scratching. Phenozybenzamine was 6-32 times more effective in blocking neurokinin B-induced scratching than substance P, kassinin, physalaemin or neurokinin A-induced scratching. These results suggest that multiple peripheral and central neurokinin receptors can be differentiated from one another by phenoxybenzamine treatment. They also suggest the existence of a distinct neurokinin B receptor in the mouse spinal cord and the apparent identification of a third neurokinin receptor in the guinea-pig ileum.[1]


  1. A differentiation between peripheral and central neurokinin receptors using phenoxybenzamine. Vaught, J.L., Scott, R.W., Jacoby, H.I. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1986) [Pubmed]
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