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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II receptors in paraventricular nucleus, subfornical organ, and pituitary gland of hypophysectomized, adrenalectomized, and vasopressin-deficient rats.

Angiotensin II has been implicated in the regulation of adrenocorticotropin and vasopressin secretion. Angiotensin II may influence the secretion of these hormones either directly at the pituitary gland or by increasing corticotropin-releasing hormone or vasopressin release from cells that are located in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus. Pituitary hormone release may also be influenced by circulating angiotensin II through receptors outside the blood-brain barrier in the subfornical organ. We have used alterations in angiotensin II receptors in hypophysectomized, adrenalectomized, and vasopressin-deficient Brattleboro rats as indicators of the activity of angiotensin II in the regulation of adrenocorticotropin and vasopressin secretion. Angiotensin receptor number in the paraventricular nucleus and the subfornical organ, but not in the anterior pituitary gland, was significantly decreased by adrenalectomy, and this effect was reversed by corticoids. Vasopressin deficiency decreased angiotensin receptors in the subfornical organ and increased them in the anterior pituitary gland but did not affect angiotensin II binding in either magnocellular or parvocellular subnucleus of the paraventricular nucleus. Our results suggest that angiotensin II may have a corticoid-dependent role in the regulation of corticotropin-releasing hormone secretion, which could be important in the adaptation to elevated corticosterone secretion in stress.[1]


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