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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased in vitro bone resorption by monocytes in the hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome.

Children with the hyper-immunoglobulinemia E syndrome are prone to bone fractures. We determined bone density in six patients with hyper-IgE syndrome using photon absorptiometry. All six patients had significantly reduced bone density compared with age- and sex-matched controls. The capacity of peripheral blood monocytes to degrade 45Ca-labeled bone in vitro was studied. The mean percent 45Ca release in four hyper-IgE patients (40.8 +/- 8.6) was significantly higher (p less than 0.01) than in ten age-matched healthy control subjects (7.1 +/- 2.6), seven age-matched patients with recurrent infections (7.9 +/- 1.6), or nine patients with severe atopic dermatitis and elevated serum IgE levels (5.8 +/- 1.3). Monocytes from four of four patients studied spontaneously released abnormally high levels of prostaglandin E2. Bone degradation by these monocytes was significantly reduced in the presence of 10(-6) M indomethacin in vitro. Administration of aspirin in vivo to two hyper-IgE patients reduced boned degradation by their monocytes to normal levels. These results suggest that monocytes from patients with hyper-IgE syndrome are activated to resorb bone via products of the prostaglandin synthase (cyclooxygenase) pathway. The activation of cells in the monocyte/macrophage family to resorb bone may contribute to the osteopenia observed in hyper-IgE syndrome.[1]


  1. Increased in vitro bone resorption by monocytes in the hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome. Leung, D.Y., Key, L., Steinberg, J.J., Young, M.C., Von Deck, M., Wilkinson, R., Geha, R.S. J. Immunol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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