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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

cis- and trans-1,2-diphenylaziridines: induction of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium.

trans-Stilbene imine (trans-1,2-diphenylaziridine) is the nitrogen analog of trans-stilbene oxide, a potent inducer of several microsomal and cytosolic xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Although the acute toxicity of cis- and trans-stilbene imines prevents their application at the usual dose for trans-stilbene oxide (400 mg/kg/day), it is apparent that the imines nevertheless potently induce several xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. The IP administration of trans-stilbene imine resulted in statistically significant increases in the activities of aminopyrine N-demethylase, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene and delta 5-androstene-3,17-dione) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone). cis-Stilbene imine was less potent in inducing these activities. Although trans-stilbene imine (total dose = 400 mg/kg) was more potent than trans-stilbene oxide (total dose = 1200 mg/kg) in inducing the activities of glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone), both compounds belong to the class of substances which are more potent inducers of conjugating (phase II) enzymes. Because of their structural similarity with K-region arene imines which are potent mutagens, cis-stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were investigated for mutagenicity (reversion of his- strains of Salmonella typhimurium). cis-Stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were direct mutagens in the strain TA100. This result, and the finding that acenaphthene 1,2-imine efficiently reverts various strains of Salmonella typhimurium, demonstrates that not only K-region arene imines, but also other aziridines substituted at the two carbons with aromatic moieties, are mutagenic.[1]


  1. cis- and trans-1,2-diphenylaziridines: induction of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium. Glatt, H.R., Robertson, L.W., Arand, M., Rauch, P., Schramm, H., Setiabudi, F., Pöchlauer, P., Müller, E.P., Oesch, F. Arch. Toxicol. (1986) [Pubmed]
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