The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transformation of differentiated rat hepatocytes with adenovirus and adenovirus DNA.

Primary cultures of hepatocytes isolated by collagenase perfusion of adult rats were transformed by infection with adenovirus type 5 or transfection with adenovirus DNA. Total virion DNA or recombinant plasmid DNA containing the adenovirus E1A and E1B genes transformed hepatocytes at comparable frequencies. No foci of replicating hepatocytes were detected after transfection with a plasmid containing the E1A gene alone. The frequency of transformation by the adenovirus E1A and E1B genes was dependent on the composition of the culture medium. Transformation occurred at a low frequency when the transfected hepatocytes were maintained in a chemically defined medium (CDM), but the frequency was enhanced 8- to 10-fold when the cells were maintained in (i) serum-supplemented medium or (ii) CDM supplemented with epidermal growth factor. Cell lines derived from the adenovirus-transformed colonies of hepatocytes expressed adenovirus E1A and E1B RNAs. When hepatocytes were maintained in CDM supplemented with dimethyl sulfoxide and transfected with plasmids containing the E1A and E1B genes, it was possible to derive cell lines that retained the ability to express several liver-specific genes, including albumin, transferrin, hemopexin, and the third component of complement. The amount of albumin secreted per cell varied from 1 to 5 pg per cell per 24 h, and in one cell line it was below detectable levels by passage 9. Adenovirus-transformed hepatocytes were not tumorigenic when inoculated subcutaneously into neonatal syngeneic rats. We conclude that the adenovirus E1A and E1B genes are capable of transforming adult rat hepatocytes, a differentiated epithelial cell type.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities