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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Carcinogenicity of diallylnitrosamine following intragastric administration to Syrian hamsters.

Single and multiple intragastric doses of diallylnitrosamine [(DAN) CAS: 16338-97-9] administered to Syrian golden hamsters induced tumors, primarily of the respiratory tract, in which the nasal cavity epithelium was the preferred site. When compared to the effect of DAN after subcutaneous administration at equal doses, the incidence of respiratory tract tumors was lower but that of hepatic tumors was higher, suggesting partial metabolism of DAN in the liver. Comparative metabolic and mutagenesis studies in BD IX rats (which reportedly are refractory to the carcinogenic effects of DAN), in Wistar rats, and in Syrian hamsters showed that a greater proportion of orally administered DAN was exhaled by both rat strains (12-19%) than by hamsters (2-4%). The activity of the microsomal fraction of the hamster liver for metabolizing DAN to allyl alcohol was about 10 times higher than that in rats, whereas no significant species differences were found with the cytosolic fraction. Pretreatment of animals with phenobarbital (PB) or pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile ( PCN) did not influence either microsomal or cytosolic enzyme activities in hamsters, whereas about a tenfold increase in enzyme activities was seen after pretreatment with PB in both rat strains and following PCN in Wistar rats. Moreover, in bacterial mutagenesis assays, hamster liver microsomes were twice as active as those in BD IX rats. The results are discussed in relation to the carcinogenicity of DAN in rats and hamsters.[1]


  1. Carcinogenicity of diallylnitrosamine following intragastric administration to Syrian hamsters. Grandjean, C.J., Althoff, J., Pour, P.M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1985) [Pubmed]
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