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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contributions of fatty acid and sterol synthesis to triglyceride and cholesterol secretion by the perfused rat liver in genetic hyperlipemia and obesity.

The relative importance of fatty acid synthesis in triglyceride secretion by perfused livers from lean (normal control) and obese Zucker rats was investigated. Livers from fed animals were perfused in a recirculating system with tritiated water and a constant infusion of oleic acid. Triglyceride secretion was 5 times greater and cholesterol secretion was 35% greater in the obese rat livers. The very-low-density lipoprotein hypersecreted by perfused livers from obese rats contained more apolipoprotein B and exhibited an increased B-48/B-100 ratio. Apo-B was also elevated in the hypertriglyceridemic plasma of obese rats in both fed and fasting states. The very-low-density lipoprotein isolated therefrom was likewise characterized by an increased B-48/B-100 ratio. Ketogenesis was depressed 40% in the obese rat livers and increased hepatic malonyl-CoA was implicated in this alteration. The de novo synthesis and secretion of newly synthesized cholesterol was moderately increased in the perfused livers from obese rats. Tritium incorporation into fatty acids was 15 times greater in the obese genotype. Most of the synthesized fatty acids remained in the liver and were recovered after perfusion in triglyceride and phospholipids. Newly synthesized fatty acids accounted for only 3 and 15% of the triglyceride secreted by the lean and obese rat livers, respectively. A large portion of the secreted triglyceride fatty acids was derived from endogenous liver lipids. When the turnover of newly synthesized fatty acids in these pools was considered, the contribution of de novo fatty acid synthesis to triglyceride secretion was estimated to be 9% in the lean and 44% in the obese rat livers. Therefore, the altered partition of free fatty acids (Fukuda, N., Azain, M. J., and Ontko, J. A. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 14066-14072) and increased fatty acid synthesis are both major determinants of the hypersecretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins by the liver in the genetically obese Zucker rat.[1]


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