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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Concentrations of fusidic acid, cloxacillin, and cefamandole in sera and atrial appendages of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

The concentrations of cefamandole, cloxacillin and fusicid acid were measured in the serum and heart tissue of 100 recipients of these drugs before cardiac surgery. During cardiopulmonary bypass, mean (+/- standard deviation) peak concentrations in serum of all patients were 63.0 +/- 34.0 micrograms of cefamandole per ml, 30.8 +/- 17.7 micrograms of cloxacillin per ml, and 32.4 +/- 10.8 micrograms of fusidic acid per ml. Mean (+/- standard deviation) concentrations in atrial appendages taken 1 h (+/- 15 min) after infusion were 21.3 +/- 11.0 micrograms of cefamandole per g, 23.8 +/- 17.3 micrograms of cloxacillin per g, and 10.7 +/- 4.2 micrograms of fusidic acid per g. No cloxacillin could be detected in 5 of 39 heart specimens. Mean tissue-to-serum ratios at 1 h for cefamandole, cloxacillin, and fusidic acid were respectively 0.35, 0.73, and 0.33. Fusidic acid, a drug which is highly effective in vitro against both methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, was detectable in heart tissue in concentrations which were 12 times higher than the MICs of this agent against these resistant microorganisms.[1]

References

  1. Concentrations of fusidic acid, cloxacillin, and cefamandole in sera and atrial appendages of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Bergeron, M.G., Desaulniers, D., Lessard, C., Lemieux, M., Després, J.P., Métras, J., Raymond, G., Brochu, G. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1985) [Pubmed]
 
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