The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tryptamine-induced myoclonus in guinea-pigs pretreated with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor indicates pre- and post-synaptic actions of tryptamine upon central indoleamine systems.

Tryptamine (1-320 mg/kg) evoked only slight muscle jerking in naive guinea-pigs but, in animals pretreated with pargyline (75 mg/kg; 1 hr previously), tryptamine induced a dose-dependent (6-160 mg/kg) myoclonus. The myoclonus induced by tryptamine (40 mg/kg) plus pargyline (75 mg/kg) was differentially inhibited by the indoleamine receptor antagonists, methergoline (5 mg/kg) which was more potent than methysergide (10 mg/kg), mianserin (10 mg/kg) which was more potent that cyproheptadine (10 mg/kg) and propranolol (20 mg/kg) which was more potent than cinanserin (10 mg/kg). This rank order of potency differed from that observed for the order of potency of these drugs in inhibiting the myoclonus induced by L-5-hydroxytryptophan (5HTP) plus carbidopa in guinea-pigs (Luscombe, Jenner and Marsden, Neuropharmacology, 1981), perhaps indicating involvement of pharmacologically distinct indoleamine receptors. Manipulation of presynaptic function of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) by tryptophan hydroxylase inhibition with p-chlorophenylalanine to produce depletion of cerebral 5HT, or by an L-tryptophan load to elevate 5HT in brain, suggested that the functional integrity of serotonergic neurones is required for the expression of myoclonus induced by tryptamine plus pargyline. A range of blockers of 5HT re-uptake did not alter the jerking produced by tryptamine (40 mg/kg) in guinea pigs pretreated with pargyline (75 mg/kg; 1 hr previously), or the threshold myoclonus induced by a smaller dose of tryptamine (10 mg/kg; plus pargyline 75 mg/kg). It is suggested that myoclonus induced by tryptamine in guinea pigs pretreated with pargyline involves activation of post-synaptic indoleamine receptors by tryptamine by a mechanism which requires intact presynaptic function of 5HT.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities