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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Defective processing of keratan sulfate in macular corneal dystrophy.

Macular corneal dystrophy is a human genetic disorder characterized by corneal opacities that arise, in part, from a failure to synthesize mature keratan sulfate proteoglycans. The macromolecules in macular corneas and in keratoconus corneas, an abnormality not involving proteoglycans, were biosynthetically labeled with [3H]mannose and [14C]glucosamine in organ culture, and the keratan sulfate proteoglycans were immunoprecipitated with antibodies against the protein core of monkey keratan sulfate proteoglycan. The chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans, which did not react with the antibody, were oversulfated in corneas from patients with macular corneal dystrophy. Characterization of the immunoprecipitates showed that macular corneas did not make keratan sulfate proteoglycan but did synthesize an immunoreactive glycoprotein in nearly equal amounts as keratan sulfate proteoglycan was synthesized by the keratoconus cornea. The oligosaccharides on the immunoprecipitated macular glycoprotein appeared to be normal. However, the macromolecules contained an unsulfated glycoconjugate that was nearly as large as the normal keratan sulfate chains isolated from the keratoconus keratan sulfate-proteoglycan and contained the same relative proportions of labeled glucosamine, mannose, and fucose. This glycoconjugate was resistant to digestion with keratanase. These observations indicate that macular corneal dystrophy is caused by an error in the synthesis of keratan sulfate, possibly involving the specific sulfotransferases involved in sulfation of the lactosaminoglycan backbone of the chains.[1]


  1. Defective processing of keratan sulfate in macular corneal dystrophy. Nakazawa, K., Hassell, J.R., Hascall, V.C., Lohmander, L.S., Newsome, D.A., Krachmer, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1984) [Pubmed]
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