The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Patterns of prostaglandin synthesis and degradation in isolated superficial and proliferative colonic epithelial cells compared to residual colon.

Prostaglandin (PG) synthesis and degradation were examined in different regions (epithelial versus non-epithelial structures) of the rat distal colon by both HPLC analysis of [14C] arachidonate (AA) metabolites and by specific radioimmunoassays. Intact isolated colonic epithelial cells synthesized mainly PGF2 alpha and TXA2, as monitored from the formation of its stable degradation product TXB2 (PGF2 alpha greater than TXB2 greater than 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, the stable degradation product of PGI2 = PGD2 = PGE2 = 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2 alpha). The profile of PG products of isolated surface epithelial cells was identical to that of proliferative epithelial cells. However, generation of PGs by surface epithelium was 2 to 3-fold higher than by proliferative cells both basally and in the presence of a maximal stimulating concentration (0.1 mM) of AA. The latter implied a greater synthetic capacity of surface epithelium, rather than differences due to endogenous AA availability. The major sites of PG synthesis in colon clearly resided in submucosal structures; the residual colon devoid of epithelial cells accounted for at least 99% of the total PGs produced by intact distal colon. The profile of AA metabolites formed by submucosal structures also differed markedly from that of the epithelium. The dominant submucosal product was PGE2. PGE2 and its degradation product 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGE2 accounted for 63% of the PG products formed by submucosal structures (PGE2 much greater than PGD2 greater than 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGE2 greater than PGF2 alpha = TXB2 = 6-keto-PGF1 alpha greater than 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2 alpha). By contrast, epithelial cells, and particularly surface epithelium, contributed disproportionately to the PG degradative capacity of colon, as assessed from the metabolism of either PGE2 or PGF2 alpha. When expressed as a percentage, epithelial cells accounted for 71% of total colonic PGE2 degradative capacity but only 23% of total colonic protein. Approximately 15% of [3H] PGE2 added to the serosal side of everted colonic loops crossed to the mucosal side intact. Thus, at least a portion of the PGE2 formed in the submucosa reaches, and thereby can potentially influence functions of the epithelium.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities