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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Investigation on a selective non-prostanoic thromboxane antagonist, BM 13.177, in human platelets.

The mode of action of BM 13.177 (4-[2-(benzenesulfonamido)-ethyl] phenoxyacetic acid), a new anti-aggregating and anti-thrombotic agent, was studied in human washed platelets and citrated PRP. With ASA-treated platelets, BM 13.177 (0.1 - 100 microM) did not inhibit the shape change and the aggregation induced by ADP, serotonin, adrenaline, thrombin, or collagen. Therefore, BM 13.177 is neither an antagonist of ADP, serotonin, adrenaline, thrombin, or collagen nor a common pathway inhibitor like PGE1, or an inhibitor of the platelet interactions during aggregation. However, BM 13.177 (greater than or equal to 0.1 microM) produced a dose-dependent reduction of shape change, aggregation and release of [3H]serotonin induced by the stable PGH2 analogues U 46619 and U 44069 in ASA-treated platelets or ASA-treated citrated PRP. In untreated platelets, BM 13.177 inhibited platelet activation by U 46619 or U 44069 and by exogenous arachidonic acid or by endogenous arachidonic acid mobilized by hydrogen peroxide. Consequently, the ADP- and adrenaline-induced secondary aggregation and [3H]serotonin release in citrated PRP and the major effects of collagen were also inhibited. In washed platelets treated with 10 microM arachidonic acid or 100 microM hydrogen peroxide, the formation of TXB2 was not inhibited by 10 microM BM 13.177. However, the TXB2 formation after stimulation with 1,200 microM hydrogen peroxide was partially reduced by BM 13.177 to the same extent as by PGE1. This reduction may be due to the absence of a secondary release of arachidonic acid from phospholipids if the platelets were prevented from activation by BM 13.177 or PGE1. Arachidonic acid and hydrogen peroxide also induced the shape change, aggregation and release of washed platelets when thromboxane formation was inhibited by dazoxiben. Under these conditions, BM 13.177 was able to abolish the platelet response which was due to accumulating prostaglandin endoperoxides. These results show that BM 13.177 acts as a selective antagonist of TXA2 and prostaglandin endoperoxides. Its inhibitory effect on platelet function does not depend on an inhibition of either the primary release of arachidonic acid or the activities of cyclooxygenase or thromboxane synthetase.[1]


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