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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism by SKF-525A in intact cells and isolated mitochondria.

We have examined the effects of various concentrations of SKF-525A (beta-diethylaminoethyldiphenylpropyl acetate X HCl) on the energy metabolism of liver slices, isolated liver mitochondria, and two types of ascites tumor cells, as well as on ion transport in liver slices. In liver slices, 0.2 to 1.0 mM SKF-525A caused an initial stimulation of O2 uptake which was followed, at 0.5 to 1.0 mM, by a progressive inhibition of O2 consumption, a fall of slice ATP content, and a reduced transport of K+, Na+ and Ca2+. In isolated mitochondria, we studied the effects of SKF-525A on the rate of respiration and on the oxidation-reduction responses of NAD(P)+ and cytochrome b in the presence of various substrates. The results suggest that SKF-525A had three distinct actions on liver mitochondria, viz. an uncoupling action at low concentrations (0.02 to 0.17 mM); at higher concentrations (0.2 to 0.5 mM) an inhibition of the oxidation of NAD(P)+-linked substrates, exerted close to the substrate level; also at 0.2 to 0.5 mM, a less effective inhibition of electron transfer at a point between cytochrome b and O2 in the electron-transfer chain. Experiments on O2 consumption and cytochrome b oxidation-reduction changes in ascites cells showed only the first two of these effects in the intact tumor cells. We conclude that inhibition of mitochondrial energy-conserving reactions by SKF-525A can have a marked influence on energy-requiring aspects of liver-cell metabolism, one example of which is inhibition of cation active transport.[1]


  1. Inhibition of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism by SKF-525A in intact cells and isolated mitochondria. Galeotti, T., Eboli, M.L., Palombini, G., van Rossum, G.D., Kapoor, S.C. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1983) [Pubmed]
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