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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Influence of the culture time on DNA damage and repair in isolated rat hepatocytes exposed to nitrochlorobenzene derivatives.

The induction of DNA damage on 1.5- and 24-h cultured hepatocytes was tested after a 3-h exposure to 5 and 50 microM mono-, di-, and trinitrochlorobenzene (100-00-5; 97-00-7; 88-88-0). DNA-repair synthesis, elicited by nitrochlorobenzene treatment, was also estimated 24 and 48 h after the withdrawal of the nitro-aryl halides. DNA damage and repair were evaluated by determining the DNA elution rate in alkali. A dose-related rate of DNA damage was obtained by exposure of 1.5-h-cultured hepatocytes to 5 and 50 microM nitrochlorobenzenes . DNA of 24-h-cultured cells was not affected by nitrochlorobenzene treatment. The data obtained by exposure to 5 microM methyl methanesulfonate (66-27-3) and nitrosodimethylamine (62-75-9), direct and indirect methylating agents, suggest that 24-h-cultured liver cells are still able to transform nitrosodimethylamine but not nitrochlorobenzenes . Isolated hepatocytes maintain their capability of repairing the induced DNA damage when cultured for 24 and 48 h in fresh medium. The system offers an interesting model to investigate the perturbations related to the metabolism of xenobiotics.[1]

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