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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Food intake, body weight, and adiposity in female rats: actions and interactions of progestins and antiestrogens.

A series of experiments examined the effects of two progestins, progesterone and R 5020, and two nonsteroidal antiestrogens, nafoxidine and MER-25, on body weight and composition in female rats. Both progesterone and R 5020 increased food intake, body weight, and carcass adiposity in ovariectomized (OVX) rats treated with estradiol benzoate (EB), but neither progestin had any effect on these measures in OVX rats not treated with EB. R 5020 was substantially more effective than progesterone on all end points. Nafoxidine and MER-25 mimicked the actions of estradiol and decreased adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase ( LPL) activity by 75-80%. For adipose tissue LPL activity, both nafoxidine and MER-25 were full estrogen agonists and without antiestrogenic activity. Nafoxidine also mimicked the effects of EB by reducing food intake, body weight, and carcass adiposity in OVX rats. In contrast, nafoxidine antagonized the induction of cytoplasmic progestin ([3H]R 5020) binding sites by EB in parametrial adipose tissue of OVX rats. In nafoxidine-treated OVX rats, concurrent progesterone administration had no effect on adipose tissue LPL activity, but progesterone did increase food intake, body weight, and carcass fat content. Some physiological mechanisms by which gonadal steroids may act to influence eating and adiposity are discussed.[1]


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