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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regional hemodynamic effects of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious renal hypertensive rats.

Angiotensin II subtype 1 ( AT1) receptor antagonists reduce mean arterial pressure in various experimental models of hypertension, including two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertension. However, the regional hemodynamic mechanisms underlying the hypotensive effect of AT1 receptor antagonists in 2K1C rats under dynamic conditions have not been documented. Therefore, in the present study we determined the hemodynamic profile of the AT1 receptor antagonist CV-11974 in conscious 2K1C rats and sham-operated control rats. Approximately 4 weeks after clipping, rats underwent a further two-stage operation for implantation of Doppler flow probes on the contralateral (left) renal artery, superior mesenteric artery, and distal aorta as well as for the implantation of intravascular catheters. At least 24 hours after the last operation continuous recordings were made of mean arterial pressure; heart rate; and renal, mesenteric, and hindquarters flows and conductances (Doppler shift/mean arterial pressure) in response to three doses of CV-11974 (0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 mg/kg i.v.). CV-11974 caused a small hypotensive effect (decrease of approximately 15 mm Hg) in the sham group, but regional flows and vascular conductances did not change. By contrast, in 2K1C rats CV-11974 caused dose-dependent hypotension that was maximal (-19 +/- 6, -41 +/- 4, and -51 +/- 8 mm Hg, respectively) after 6 hours. These changes were associated with generalized vasodilatation (increased conductance) in all three vascular beds, although there were subtle differences with the different CV-11974 doses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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