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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histidinemia in mice: a metabolic defect treated using a novel approach to hepatocellular transplantation.

Histidinemia in mice and in humans is an autosomal recessive disorder of histidine metabolism that leads to high-histidine levels in both plasma and urine and is caused by a lack of hepatic histidine-alpha-deaminase (histidase). We have used a novel approach to hepatocellular transplantation to effect a complete phenotypic cure of histidinemia in a mouse model. Mice lacking histidase were treated with isolated liver cells (approximately 18 x 10(6) hepatocytes and 9 x 10(6) nonparenchymal cells) from histidase-competent donors transplanted into the peritoneum (active transplant group). Recipient mice showed a dramatic decrease, by more than 75%, in urinary histidine levels from day one throughout the course of the experiment, resulting in levels within the normal range for wild-type mice. In comparison, there was no change in urinary histidine levels in the control group of histidase-deficient mice treated with isolated liver cells from mice lacking histidase (statistical comparison between the two groups, P < .003, two-way ANOVA). Histologically, ectopic liver tissue was seen in the peritoneum in association with abdominal wall, pancreas, and peritoneal connective tissue; immunohistochemical evidence showed expression of histidase in the ectopic liver tissue in the active transplant group. This report is the first to show complete correction of a defective biochemical phenotype achieved by hepatocellular transplantation.[1]


  1. Histidinemia in mice: a metabolic defect treated using a novel approach to hepatocellular transplantation. Selden, C., Calnan, D., Morgan, N., Wilcox, H., Carr, E., Hodgson, H.J. Hepatology (1995) [Pubmed]
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