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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Somatostatin-14 and its analog octreotide exert a cytostatic effect on GH3 rat pituitary tumor cell proliferation via a transient G0/G1 cell cycle block.

Somatostatin (SRIF) and its analogs exert potent inhibitory effects on hormonal hypersecretion. In addition, they have been demonstrated to inhibit the proliferation of various cell lines as well as the growth of some endocrine tumors in vivo. To evaluate the action of SRIF and its analog octreotide on the proliferation and cell cycle kinetics of endocrine cells, we investigated their effect on GH3 rat pituitary tumor cells, a GH-producing cell line. Using flow cytometric DNA analysis with propidium iodide staining, we found that octreotide inhibits the proliferation of synchronized GH3 cells, achieving a maximal reduction, compared to controls, of 19.4 +/- 5.3% and 22.4 +/- 5.1% with 100 ng/ml and 1000 ng/ml octreotide, respectively (P < 0.05). This effect was demonstrated to be due to a block in progression from the G0/G1 phase to the S phase of the cell cycle. This was most evident after 24 h of exposure to 100 ng/ml octreotide, at which time there was a 7.1 +/- 1.4% increase in cells in G0/G1 (P < 0.01) and a 6.6 +/- 1.3% decrease in cells in S phase (P < 0.01). However, unless octreotide was replenished, this effect was transient and overcome by 36-48 h. No apoptosis was seen, and trypan blue studies confirmed that cell death by necrosis did not occur. A single exposure to native SRIF-14 had little effect, but a G0/G1 cell cycle block and inhibition of proliferation were seen if SRIF was regularly replenished. We conclude that SRIF and octreotide exert a cytostatic effect on GH3 cells by causing a partial G0/G1 cell cycle block. These findings suggest that the actions of SRIF and octreotide occur through signal transduction pathways that act predominantly on downstream regulators.[1]


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