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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunocytochemical localization of androgen receptors in human skin using monoclonal antibodies against the androgen receptor.

Androgen receptors were localized in cryostat sections of human skin using monoclonal antibodies to the human androgen receptor. Bound antibodies were detected using biotinylated rabbit anti-rat IgG, peroxidase-conjugated streptavidin, and diaminobenzidine as chromogen. In the neonatal foreskin, antibody to androgen receptor bound to keratinocytes in the epidermis and to fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells in the dermis. Immunohistochemical staining was stronger in nuclei than in cytoplasm. This staining was specific, because there was no significant staining when antibody to the androgen receptor was replaced with IgG from nonimmunized rats or with buffer, or when antibody to androgen receptor was incubated, prior to immunostaining, with a trp E-human androgen-receptor fusion protein used as immunogen. Incubation of androgen receptor antibody with trp E alone did not affect staining. Androgen-receptor antibody also bound to keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells in skin from adult men and women. Skin from the scalp, nose, lip, back, and chest gave positive staining for androgen receptor. Antibody to androgen receptor also bound to the coil and ductal cells of eccrine glands, external root sheath of hair follicles, epithelium in the hair bulb, dermal papilla cells, and sebocytes. There was no significant binding to adipocytes, collagen, or stratum corneum. These results show that androgen receptor is present in cells that are known to be targets for androgens and also in cells in which the biologic effects of androgens are yet to be characterized.[1]


  1. Immunocytochemical localization of androgen receptors in human skin using monoclonal antibodies against the androgen receptor. Liang, T., Hoyer, S., Yu, R., Soltani, K., Lorincz, A.L., Hiipakka, R.A., Liao, S. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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