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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

One-step RNA polymerase chain reaction for detection of hepatitis C virus RNA.

Although detection of hepatitis C virus RNA with polymerase chain reaction has become the standard for diagnosis, extensive application has been thwarted by polymerase chain reaction's labor intensiveness, risk of false-positive results through contamination and time required for individual assays. To minimize these limitations, we developed and validated a one-step hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase chain reaction assay. The one-step method was compared with traditional hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase chain reaction using primers from the highly conserved 5' untranslated region of the hepatitis C virus genome. Variables studied in the one-step method included the source and quantity of reverse transcriptase (RTase), the concentration of MgCl2 and the duration of reverse transcription and complementary DNA amplification cycles. Optimal conditions for the one-step method were obtained with 25 U of reverse transcriptase and 2 mmol/L MgCl2. The one-step method substantially reduced the time required for analysis. The sensitivity of the one-step method was comparable to that of traditional hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase chain reaction using serially diluted RNA extracted from the serum of a hepatitis C virus-infected patient. The specificity of the one-step method was confirmed on Southern-blot hybridization. The results exhibited 100% concordance with results of traditional hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase chain reaction in 50 serum samples, including those of positive and negative controls. In addition, 100% concordance was observed between the two methods' results when sera containing low levels of hepatitis C virus RNA were used.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. One-step RNA polymerase chain reaction for detection of hepatitis C virus RNA. Hu, K.Q., Yu, C.H., Vierling, J.M. Hepatology (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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