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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effects of thyroxine on serum and tissue concentrations of insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and -II) and IGF-binding proteins in the fetal pig.

We have extensively studied the effect of hypophysectomy on the growth and development of tissues in the fetal pig. However, little is known about the effect of hypophysectomy on tissue levels of insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGF-I and -II) and how these growth factors are affected by T4 replacement. Fetal pigs were hypophysectomized (Hypox) at 70 days of gestation, and pellets containing 15 mg T4 were implanted into the lateral musculature of the hind limb at either 70 or 90 days of gestation. Fetuses were removed at either 90 or 105 days of gestation, respectively. Control (non-Hypox), Hypox, and T4 (Hypox-T4) fetal weights were similar at 90 days, but Hypox-T4 weighted less than control and Hypox fetuses at 105 days. Hypophysectomy decreased levels of serum T4, LH, cortisol, and IGF-I (105 days) when compared with controls. Heart and liver (105 days and 90 days) and fat, muscle, and kidney (90 days) IGF-I levels were lower in Hypox fetuses when compared with controls. Hypophysectomy decreased concentrations of IGF-II in only 105-day fetal kidneys. Hypophysectomy decreased serum levels of IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) (90 days) and IGFBP-2 (105 days) and increased IGFBP-4 (105 days) in comparison with control. T4 treatment of Hypox fetuses increased serum concentrations of T4 and IGF-I over Hypox levels at both 90 and 105 days gestation. Cortisol levels remained decreased in the T4-treated fetuses. Levels of IGF-I in the heart (90 and 105 days) and liver (90 days) of Hypox fetuses were increased by T4 treatment. T4 did not effect tissue IGF-II levels when compared with Hypox. T4 increased serum IGFBP-1, -2, and -4 levels over Hypox values. We suggest that T4 enhances production of IGF-I (as opposed to IGF-II), which in turn mediates some of T4's capability to enhance tissue development in the fetal pig.[1]


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