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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interactions between ipriflavone and the estrogen receptor.

Estrogen replacement therapy is effective in the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, and a direct action of 17-beta-estradiol (17 beta E2) on osteoblastic and osteoclastic cells has been demonstrated. The inhibition of bone resorption by ipriflavone (IP), an isoflavone derivative devoid of estrogenic properties but active in potentiating the effects of estrogen on bone tissue, has been shown in in vitro and in vivo studies and confirmed by clinical data. To investigate the molecular mechanisms that underlie IP effect, we studied the possible interactions of IP and its four main in vivo metabolites (I, II, III, and V) with the estrogen receptor ( ER) in the human preosteoclastic cell line FLG 29.1, whose growth and function are modulated by the compound. In parallel experiments, the human breast cancer cell line MCF7 was also analyzed. IP binding sites were demonstrated in the nuclear fraction of FLG 29.1 cells. 17 beta E2 and other steroid compounds failed to displace IP binding to intact FLG 29.1 cells. Similarly, IP and metabolites I, III, and V were not able to displace 17 beta E2 binding to intact MCF7 cells, whereas metabolite II showed an IC50 of 61 nM. 17 beta E2 binding to FLG 29.1 cells was increased after preincubation with metabolites I, III, and V. IP and its metabolites did not induce ER-dependent gene expression in FLG 29.1 and MCF7 cells transfected with a reporter gene and an estrogen response element (ERE).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Interactions between ipriflavone and the estrogen receptor. Petilli, M., Fiorelli, G., Benvenuti, S., Frediani, U., Gori, F., Brandi, M.L. Calcif. Tissue Int. (1995) [Pubmed]
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