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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The involvement of bradykinin B1 and B2 receptor mechanisms in cytokine-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat.

1. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-2 and IL-8 induced a mechanical hyperalgesia following intra-articular (i.artic.) injection into rat knee joints, whereas IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were without effect. 2. Co-administration of IL-1 receptor antagonist (0.1 micrograms) with IL-1 beta (1 mu), IL-2 (10 mu) or IL-8 (0.1 mu) prevented the subsequent development of the hyperalgesia. 3. Co-administration of desArg9Leu8BK (0.5-5 nmol) with IL-1 beta (1 mu), IL-2 (10 mu) or IL-8 (0.1 mu) reduced the level of hyperalgesia at 1, 4 and 6 h post administration, whereas Hoe 140 (5 pmol) antagonized the hyperalgesia only at the 1 h time point. 4. Intravenous administration of desArg9Leu8BK (10 nmol kg-1) or Hoe 140 (100 pmol kg-1) following IL-1 beta (1 mu), IL-2 (10 mu), or IL-8 (0.1 mu) reversed the subsequent hyperalgesia. 5. Administration of desArg9BK into joints 24 h after pre-treatment with IL-1 beta (1 mu) produced analegsia at low doses (50 pmol) and hyperalgesia at a higher dose (0.5 nmol). Both these effects were blocked by desArg9Leu8BK (0.5 nmol). 6. Administration of desArg9BK (0.5 nmol i.artic.) to animals 24 h after pre-treatment with IL-2 (1-100 mu) or IL-8 (0.1-10 mu) had no effect on the load tolerated by the treated joint. 7. Administration of indomethacin (1 mg kg-1, s.c.) prior to IL-1 beta (1 mu i.artic.) prevented the development of hyperalgesia. Administration of desArg9BK (5 pmol-0.5 nmol, i.artic.) to animals 24 h after indomethacin and IL-1 beta pretreatment had no effect on the load tolerated by the treated joint.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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