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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator properties of RP 73401, a novel and selective phosphodiesterase type IV inhibitor.

1. We have investigated the effects of RP 73401, a novel, potent and highly selective cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) type IV inhibitor, in guinea-pig and rat models of bronchoconstriction and allergic inflammation. In some models, the effects of RP 73401 have been compared with those of the standard PDE type IV inhibitor, rolipram. 2. RP 73401 (0.4-400 micrograms kg-1, intratracheally (i.t.) on lactose) inhibited antigen-induced bronchospasm in previously sensitized conscious guinea-pigs (ID50: 7 +/- 1 micrograms kg-1) and in anaesthetized rats (ID50: 100 +/- 25 micrograms kg-1). Rolipram inhibited the antigen-induced bronchospasm in guinea-pigs with an ID50 of 5 +/- 1 micrograms kg-1. In guinea-pig bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, total inflammatory cell and eosinophil numbers were reduced by RP 73401 (ID50s: 3.9 +/- 0.8 micrograms kg-1 and 3.2 +/- 0.7 micrograms kg-1, respectively). In the rat, inflammatory cell numbers are less affected. Only the highest dose of RP 73401 (400 micrograms kg-1) significantly inhibited eosinophil influx (41 +/- 16% inhibition). 3. RP 73401 (0.02-100 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) inhibited PAF-induced bronchial hyperreactivity to bombesin in the anaesthetized guinea-pig (ID50: 0.09 +/- 0.03 micrograms kg-1) and inhibited (0.4-40 micrograms kg-1, i.t.) histamine-induced airway microvascular leakage in the anaesthetized guinea-pig by approximately 60% at all doses. 4. RP 73401 relaxed guinea-pig isolated trachea under basal tone (EC50: 9 nM) and when precontracted with histamine (IC50: 2 nM), methacholine (IC50: 29 nM) or leukotriene D4 (LTD4, IC50: 4 nM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator properties of RP 73401, a novel and selective phosphodiesterase type IV inhibitor. Raeburn, D., Underwood, S.L., Lewis, S.A., Woodman, V.R., Battram, C.H., Tomkinson, A., Sharma, S., Jordan, R., Souness, J.E., Webber, S.E. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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