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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular identification of two novel Munc-18 isoforms expressed in non-neuronal tissues.

Munc-18, also known as n-Sec1 or rbSec1, is a syntaxin-binding protein thought to play a role in regulating synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Although a gene family of syntaxins has been identified, only a limited subset bind to Munc-18. This implicates the existence of other mammalian Munc-18 homologues that may be involved in a range of vesicle transport reactions. The purpose of the present study was to identify other members of the Munc-18 family by cDNA cloning. Three distinct Munc-18 isoforms, Munc-18a, previously identified in neuronal tissue, and two novel isoforms, Munc-18b and Munc-18c, were isolated from a 3T3-L1 adipocyte cDNA library by screening with a rat brain Munc-18 DNA probe. Munc-18a is identical to Munc-18 and by Northern analysis is expressed predominantly in brain and to a lesser extent in testis and 3T3-L1 cells. Munc-18b is 62% identical to Munc-18 at the amino acid level and is expressed in testis, intestine, kidney, rat adipose tissue, and 3T3-L1 cells. Munc-18c is 51% identical to Munc-18 and is ubiquitously expressed. It is likely, based on these findings, that unique Munc-18/syntaxin interactions may play an important role in generating a combinatorial mechanism for the regulation of vesicle transport in mammalian cells.[1]


  1. Molecular identification of two novel Munc-18 isoforms expressed in non-neuronal tissues. Tellam, J.T., McIntosh, S., James, D.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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