The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Delayed activation of HNF-3 beta upon retinoic acid-induced teratocarcinoma cell differentiation.

We have investigated the retinoic acid-mediated activation of the transcriptional regulator HNF-3 beta during differentiation of mouse F9 embryonal carcinoma cells. Using gel shifts, HNF-3 beta DNA binding activity was clearly detected in differentiated cells, while F9 stem cells were devoid of this activity. We also demonstrated that HNF-3 beta mRNA is specific for differentiated cells. Addition of retinoic acid to F9 stem cells results in delayed activation of HNF-3 beta mRNA which can be detected 1-2 days after the initiation of differentiation. HNF-3 beta mRNA concentrations are maximal at approximately 4 days postdifferentiation and stay at elevated levels for at least 4 additional days. Nuclear run-on experiments clearly show that HNF-3 beta is activated at the level of transcriptional initiation, suggesting that the increases of beta-specific DNA binding activity and mRNA concentration are merely a reflection of this activation mechanism. F9 cells can give rise to three distinct differentiated cell types, visceral endoderm, parietal endoderm, and primitive endoderm, and we have observed HNF-3 beta stimulation during the formation of all three tissues. HNF-3 beta stimulation upon visceral endoderm differentiation is accompanied by the activation of HNF-3 target genes such as transthyretin, suggesting that HNF-3 beta is involved in the developmental activation of this gene. In contrast, HNF-3 beta target genes in parietal and primitive endoderm have yet to be identified. However, the stimulation of HNF-3 beta during primitive endoderm formation, which is an extremely early event during murine embryogenesis, points toward a role for the factor in crucial determination processes that occur early during development.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities