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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible involvement of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C related to pertussis toxin-sensitive GTP-binding proteins during adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts: negative regulation of protein kinase C.

Insulin/dexamethasone/methylisobutylxanthine (hormones/IBMX) induce 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to differentiate into adipocytes. Our previous study suggested that pertussis toxin (IAP)-sensitive GTP-binding protein(s) (G-protein) is involved in the process of differentiation by hormones/IBMX, accompanied by c-fos induction. Northern blotting indicated that among the IAP-sensitive G-proteins, the levels of Gi2 alpha, Go alpha, and Gi3 alpha mRNA were decreased, increased and unchanged, respectively. Gi1 alpha was undetectable and IAP attenuated the decrease in Gi2 alpha mRNA level but did not affect the change in Go alpha mRNA level during the adipocyte differentiation. These results indicate that IAP-sensitive Gi2 alpha mRNA level is decreased during adipocyte differentiation. A combination of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and IBMX induced c-fos expression in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts similar to that induced with hormones/IBMX. c-fos induced by both stimulators was also diminished by anti-inositolglycan antibody or anti-PI-PLC antiserum. Insulin stimulated the release of inositolproteoglycan and diacylglycerol from 3T3-L1 fibroblasts, which was suppressed by IAP treatment. These findings suggested that one of the pathways of adipocyte differentiation induced by hormones/IBMX occurs via the inositolglycan-specific PI-PLC cascade coupled to IAP-sensitive G-protein(s). Both activation of glycerophosphate dehydrogenase and stimulation of insulin-dependent 2-deoxyglucose uptake induced by hormones/IBMX were enhanced in protein kinase C-depleted cells exposed to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and attenuated in IAP-treated cells. The level of a 32P-labeled 52 kDa protein in plasma membrane fractions immunoprecipitated by anti-PI-PLC antiserum was increased by PMA stimulation, abolished in PMA-treated cells, and increased in IAP-treated cells. These findings suggest that protein kinase C phosphorylates PI-PLC, resulting in a decrease in PI-PLC activity related to the signal transduction pathway of adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts.[1]


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