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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and characterization of the THI6 gene encoding a bifunctional thiamin-phosphate pyrophosphorylase/hydroxyethylthiazole kinase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Thiamin-phosphate pyrophosphorylase (TMP-PPase; EC involved in de novo synthesis of thiamin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a bifunctional enzyme with 4-methyl-5-beta-hydroxyethylthiazole kinase (Th-kinase; EC activity, which is an octamer of identical 60-kDa subunits (Kawasaki, Y. (1993) J. Bacteriol. 175, 5153-5158). Previous study demonstrated that the activities of both TMP-PPase and Th-kinase are reduced by the mutation of a single nuclear gene, designated THI6. We have cloned the THI6 gene from a yeast genomic library by functional complementation of the thi6 mutant and determined by DNA blot analysis that THI6 is located on chromosome XVI. The nucleotide sequence of the THI6 gene contained an open reading frame of 1,620 base pairs encoding a 540-amino acid polypeptide with a calculated molecular weight of 58,058, which is similar to the determined molecular mass of the purified bifunctional enzyme. Gene disruption demonstrated that the thi6 null strain is auxotrophic for thiamin, indicating that the THI6 protein is essential for thiamin synthesis in yeast. A recently isolated thi6 mutant, thi6-3, bearing a replacement of Glu370 by Lys370, showed a decrease in only Th-kinase activity, proving that the THI6 gene of S. cerevisiae encodes a structural gene of the thiamin biosynthetic bifunctional enzyme. Furthermore, complementation analysis of the thi6 null strain with the modified THI6 DNAs by a 12-nucleotide linker insertion suggested that a region from amino acids 138 to 187 and that from amino acids 370 to 453 are involved in functional domains of TMP-PPase and Th-kinase, respectively, whereas the COOH-terminal region is necessary for both enzyme activities. Strains conferring no Th-kinase but slight TMP-PPase activity could grow in medium without thiamin, suggesting that 4-methyl-5-beta-hydroxyethylthiazole is not involved in the pathway of de novo synthesis of thiamin via 4-methyl-5-beta-hydroxyethylthiazole monophosphate. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that THI6 gene expression is regulated at the mRNA level by intracellular thiamin pyrophosphate, a coenzyme form of thiamin, and that it requires the positive regulatory factors encoded by the THI2 and THI3 genes.[1]


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