The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Expression of fusion regulatory proteins (FRPs) on human peripheral blood monocytes. Induction of homotypic cell aggregation and formation of multinucleated giant cells by anti-FRP-1 monoclonal antibodies.

Fusion regulatory proteins (FRPs) are newly defined cell surface molecules that enhance and/or induce virus-mediated cell fusion. Anti-FRP-1 Abs reacted with all of the established cells derived from humans and monkeys, whereas FRPs were found to be selectively expressed on a fraction of monocytes in human PBMCs. Granulocytes expressed no FRP-1 molecules, but approximately 18% of granulocytes expressed FRP-2 molecules. Alveolar macrophages also expressed FRP-1 molecules. FRP-1 expression was enhanced by culture of monocytes, but CD14 expression was not influenced by cultivation. Anti-FRP-1 Abs induced homotypic cell aggregation and multinucleated giant cell formation of monocytes. Anti-beta 2 integrin Ab blocked anti-FRP-1 Ab-induced cell aggregation, and anti-beta 1 integrin Ab and fibronectin inhibited anti-FRP-1 Ab-induced polykaryocyte formation. There was no competitive binding to monocytes between anti-FRP-1 Ab and anti-beta 1 or anti-beta 2 integrin Ab or fibronectin. Furthermore, there was no enhancement of beta 1 and beta 2 integrin expression by anti-FRP-1 Ab on monocytes. These findings suggest that anti-FRP-1 Ab activated integrin systems, and that the functions of anti-FRP-1 Ab were demonstrated through the activated integrin systems. Furthermore, it is inferred that integrin systems are involved in polykaryocyte formation of monocytes.[1]

References

  1. Expression of fusion regulatory proteins (FRPs) on human peripheral blood monocytes. Induction of homotypic cell aggregation and formation of multinucleated giant cells by anti-FRP-1 monoclonal antibodies. Tabata, N., Ito, M., Shimokata, K., Suga, S., Ohgimoto, S., Tsurudome, M., Kawano, M., Matsumura, H., Komada, H., Nishio, M. J. Immunol. (1994) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities