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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The MRP gene associated with a non-P-glycoprotein multidrug resistance encodes a 190-kDa membrane bound glycoprotein.

HL60 cells isolated for resistance to Adriamycin (HL60/ ADR) overexpress a 190-kDa ATP binding protein which has a minor sequence homology with P-glycoprotein. It has also been observed that HL60/ ADR overexpress the MRP gene which was first identified as a component of a non-P-glycoprotein mediated multidrug resistance of H69/ ADR cells [Cole et al., Science (Washington DC), 258: 1650, 1992]. A complementary DNA of MRP has been cloned and based on the deduced sequence encodes a member of the superfamily of proteins which bind ATP and function in various transport processes [Cole et al., Science (Washington DC), 258: 1650, 1992]. In view of this it was of interest to identify the protein encoded by MRP and determine if it may be related to p190. In the present study we have prepared antisera against three synthetic peptides which correspond to the deduced sequence of the MRP protein. Proteins reactive with the antisera have been examined in HL60/ ADR cells using Western blot analysis. All antisera react with a 190 kDa protein contained in membranes of resistant but not sensitive cells. One antiserum used for further studies is not reactive with P-glycoprotein contained in membranes of HL60 cells isolated for resistance to vincristine. Analysis of subcellular fractions demonstrates that p190 is present primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum with lower levels also present in plasma membranes. Treatment of HL60/ ADR cells with tunicamycin results in the appearance of a 165-kDa resistance associated protein which reacts with the antipeptide serum. The results of this study therefore demonstrate that the MRP gene encodes a 190-kDa membrane bound glycoprotein.[1]


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